Born in Worcester, England in 1898, Arthur Spencer (nicknamed Sam) was orphaned at an early age and immigrated to Canada with his paternal grandmother in 1903. He grew up on a homestead near Punnichy, Saskatchewan with his grandmother and an uncle. In this isolated setting, Spencer had no opportunity to attend school so he developed his reading and writing skills by studying the bible. His occupations as a trapper, construction worker and farmer reflected his lifelong interest in nature and wildlife.
Spencer began carving in 1924, an activity that he continued after he retired in Saskatoon in 1941. Spencer worked directly with the wood. He would use a jackknife and a paring knife modified with a curved tip for carving out difficult areas. In most of the works, the frame and image were carved from a single block of wood. No carved elements were glued or attached later. His carved images expressed his deep appreciation for the natural world combined with popular culture and religious icons.
Reference - The Saskatchewan Arts Board